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Daniel Kahneman

Daniel Kahneman was an Israeli-American psychologist and winner of the 2002 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences, a pioneer in behavioral finance and hedonic psychology.

Daniel Kahneman was born in Tel Aviv. He moved to Paris with his family and later endured the Nazi occupation during World War II. Kahneman graduated from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem in 1954 with a Bachelor of Science. Having developed an early fascination with cognitive processes, he pursued further studies in psychology at the University of California, Berkeley, earning a PhD in 1961. Consequently, he began a lifelong exploration of human judgment and decision-making by exploring the cognitive underpinnings of semantic relationships.

Throughout the 1960s and 1970s, Kahneman developed foundational theories in cognitive psychology, focusing on attention and effort. His partnership with Amos Tversky in 1969 was particularly fruitful, leading to the groundbreaking development of prospect theory.

This theory, which describes how people make decisions in situations involving risk and uncertainty, challenges the traditional economic assumption that individuals act rationally and are primarily motivated by self-interest.

Kahneman's scholarly work expanded into various applications, influencing fields as diverse as medicine, politics, and sports. His studies on human judgment, often conducted at Princeton University, where he was a long-time faculty member, emphasized the systematic errors and biases in decision-making processes.

While intertwined with his academic research, his literary career catapulted to broader public attention with his bestselling book, Thinking, Fast and Slow, in 2011. This work summarized his research on dual-process theory, which posits that human thought can be divided into two types: one fast, instinctive, and emotional, and the other slower, more deliberative, and more logical.

His book made Kahneman a household name and contributed significantly to public and academic understanding of human psychology.

His work garnered numerous accolades, including the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences in 2002. He was honored for integrating psychological research into economic science, particularly his work on human judgment and decision-making under uncertainty.

Kahneman's contributions were not limited to academia. He was deeply involved in the practical applications of his theories, working to create tools and frameworks that could help individuals and organizations make better decisions. His influence extended beyond psychology and economics, affecting public policy, legal judgments, and clinical practices worldwide.

Daniel Kahneman passed away on March 27, 2024.
Lebensjahre: 5 März 1934 27 März 2024

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mukhamedzhanovadar23803hat Zitat gemachtvor 10 Monaten
Amos was always very funny, and in his presence I became funny as well, so we spent hours of solid work in continuous amusement. The pleasure we found in working together made us exceptionally patient; it is much easier to strive for perfection when you are never bored
Sweetlike Cocohat Zitat gemachtvor 2 Jahren
Systematic errors are known as biases, and they recur predictably in particular circumstances
b2273389977hat Zitat gemachtletztes Jahr
This book presents my current understanding of judgment and decision making
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